The official deadline is January 15. We will never make a decision to admit a student based on an incomplete application. Once the deadline passes, we tend to make admission decisions quickly. This means that if your application is incomplete or if you apply late, there is a good chance you will not be accepted.
At least two of the three appraisals should be from professors who know you well enough to evaluate your capacity to conduct independent scholarly work.
A Master’s degree from an accredited university or college is required. The applicant must have at least a "B+" average. In exceptional cases, we will consider applicants who only have an undergraduate degree, but solely if their grades are truly outstanding.
The Doctoral Program will accept a test score report from either the GRE or the GMAT. Preference to one exam is not given over the other. Scores are valid for only five years.
We strongly prefer GRE or GMAT scores with both verbal and quantitative components ranking at least in the 75th percentile. If applying for admission to a math-intensive program (e.g. Management Science), the quantitative component should be much higher (90th percentile +).
Most of our successful applicants score very well on these tests. In the last two years, for example, the average GMAT (or GRE converted to GMAT) has exceeded 700.
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
TOEFL Internet-based (iBT) and Paper-based (PBT) are accepted.
- A minimum overall score of 100
- A minimum of 25 in each section
International English Language Testing Service (IELTS) Academic
Score requirements (academic NOT general):
- A minimum overall score of 7.5
- A minimum of 7 in each section
Duolingo English Test
- A minimum overall score of 125
- A minimum of 100 for each subscore
Canadian Academic English Language Assessment (CAEL)
- A minimum overall score of 70
- A minimum of 70 in each section
If, during the previous two consecutive years, the applicant has studied and/or worked in a country where English is the primary language used*, they may submit a written letter within the online application requesting the English language proficiency test requirement be waived.
The request must be written by the applicant and include evidence of proficiency (e.g., photocopy of a previous English language test score, comments in appraisals concerning proficiency, number of years working/studying in an anglophone country, etc.). Requests are considered only if the applicant has been recommended for admission, thus it is important that the applicant makes a strong case. If the applicant is unable to demonstrate a proficiency in English to our satisfaction, admission will be denied. The program reserves the right to require remedial training for any student who shows an inadequate command of English after starting the PhD program.
*The list of eligible countries is as follows: Australia, Barbados, Botswana, Canada, Ghana, Guyana, Hong Kong, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Namibia, New Zealand, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, United Kingdom, United States of America, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
The PhD program at Ivey is a full-time program and students are expected to be on campus during their time in the program.
Applicants who applied last year must file a new application, pay the full application fee, and submit transcripts covering any academic work undertaken since the time of last application.
We only admit outstanding applicants and have no set quota. In the last five years, for example, class size has ranged from nine to 16 students each year.
They are not required. However, papers that you have written and which have been published will be considered in support of your application.
You must apply through the PhD program – individual faculty cannot make offers of admission. However, we encourage you to speak with faculty in your area of interest to make sure you would be a good fit for the school.
If you have questions about a particular field, you should contact the respective PhD faculty coordinator (also found at the bottom of each discipline page):
- Business Economics and Public Policy: Dr. Nouri Najjar
- Entrepreneurship: Dr. Simon Parker
- Finance: Dr. Stephen Sapp
- Information Systems: Dr. Ning Su
- International Business: Dr. Vanessa Hasse
- Management Science: Dr. Joe Naoum-Sawaya
- Marketing: Dr. Miranda Goode
- Operations Management: Dr. Jury Gualandris
- Organizational Behaviour: Dr. Martha Maznevski
- Strategy: Dr. Lee Watkiss
- Sustainability: Dr. Wren Montgomery
If you are not a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, you will need a study permit and/or temporary resident visa to study in Canada. It takes at least six months to gather the information and documents required to apply for a study permit and to plan and prepare for a move to Canada as an international student.
Materials that are not in English must be transcribed by an official and notarized transcription agency.
Yes. You must submit an official interim transcript with your application. If you are offered admission to Western, the offer will be conditional upon your successful completion of the Master's degree.
Differentiation of PhD programs is strongly related to differentiation of research. Ivey’s focus on doing high quality, managerially relevant is one key point of differentiation. Ours is a culture that cares deeply about what managers think and do and this is reflected throughout the doctoral program. A second point, related to the first, is that we believe in cross-disciplinary research, where it makes sense for the problem of interest. The fact that students from different groups take many courses together provides a tangible means by which cross-disciplinarity comes to be understood and fostered. This culture, which permeates the school as a whole as well as the doctoral program, helps participants to take a broader perspective on their research (and on the work of a business school in general).
Requirements for the PhD fall into two categories: Program Requirements and Discipline Group Requirements. All students complete courses required by the program and thereby develop skills that will enhance their ability to generate leading-edge research. Typical degree requirements are here.
No. However, students who are adept at calculus and matrix algebra tend to have an easier go of their first year, since a lot of their statistics training during the PhD program relies on both these tools. If you have never taken calculus or matrix algebra, we advise you to take formal courses before enrolling in the PhD program, especially if your future area of study tends to be math-intensive. If you took these courses a long time ago, you might want to seek out a refresher.